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Understanding the "costs of caring"

Compassion fatigue (CF)
  • a profound emotional and physical exhaustion
  • develops in helping professionals 
Vicarious trauma (VT)
  • a shift in a helper's world view as a result of hearing clients' trauma stories
Operational Stress Injury (OSI)
  • a non-clinical, non-medical term referring to a persistent psychological difficulty
  • caused by traumatic experiences or prolonged high stress or fatigue during service as a military member or first responder.
  • a term widely used that describes physical and emotional exhaustion due to poor work satisfaction and feeling powerless and overwhelmed at work
     CMHA Ontario (2019). Operational Stress Injury. Retrieved
     Matieu, F. (2012). The compassion fatigue workbook. New York, NY: Routledge. 
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